linux查看硬件信息大全

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发表于 2010-8-5 15:13:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
1, 主板信息
.查看主板的序列号
--------------------------------------------------
#使用命令
dmidecode | grep -i 'serial number'
#查看板卡信息
cat /proc/pci
--------------------------------------------------
2, cpu信息
--------------------------------------------------
#通过/proc文件系统
1) cat /proc/cpuinfo
#通过查看开机信息
2) dmesg | grep -i 'cpu'
#
3)dmidecode -t processor
--------------------------------------------------
3, 硬盘信息
--------------------------------------------------
#查看分区情况
fdisk -l
#查看大小情况
df -h
#查看使用情况
du -h
#
hdparm -I /dev/sda
#
dmesg | grep sda
--------------------------------------------------
4, 内存信息
--------------------------------------------------
1) cat /proc/meminfo
2) dmesg | grep mem
3) free -m
4) vmstat
5) dmidecode | grep -i mem
--------------------------------------------------
5, 网卡信息
--------------------------------------------------
1) dmesg | grep -i 'eth'
2) cat /etc/sysconfig/hwconf | grep -i eth
3) lspci | grep -i 'eth'
--------------------------------------------------
6, 鼠标键盘和USB信息
查看键盘和鼠标:cat /proc/bus/input/devices
查看USB设备:cat /proc/bus/usb/devices
查看各设备的中断请求(IRQ):cat /proc/interrupts
7, 显卡信息
--------------------------------------------------
1)lspci |grep -i 'VGA'
2)dmesg | grep -i 'VGA'
--------------------------------------------------
8, 声卡信息
--------------------------------------------------
1)lspci |grep -i 'VGA'
2)dmesg | grep -i 'VGA'
--------------------------------------------------
7, 其他命令
.用硬件检测程序kuduz探测新硬件:service kudzu start ( or restart)
.dmesg (查看所有启动时检测到的硬件信息)
.lspci (显示外设信息, 如usb,网卡等信息)
.cat /etc/sysconfig/hwconf
.mpstat
8, 需要手动安装的工具
lshw,hwinfo,hal-device-manager
9, Solaris如何检测硬件参数
俺从别处发现了些有意思的东西:
Solaris的硬件相关命令
发表:2004-3-8 11:20:36 出处:你的博客网(yourblog.org)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1).查看当前处理器的类型和速度(主频)
# psrinfo –v
Status of processor 1 as of: 11/24/01 10:34:41
Processor has been on-line since 11/24/01 10:18:20.
The sparcv9 processor operates at 432 MHz,
        and has a sparcv9 floating point processor.
Status of processor 3 as of: 11/24/01 10:34:41
Processor has been on-line since 11/24/01 10:18:22.
The sparcv9 processor operates at 432 MHz,
        and has a sparcv9 floating point processor.
2).打印当前的OBP版本号
# prtconf –V
OBP 3.20.0 2000/10/24 10:47
# /usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag –v | grep OBP
OBP 3.20.0 2000/10/24 10:47   POST 6.1.0 2000/10/24 10:49
ok. .version
Release 3.20 Version 0 created 2000/10/24 10:47
OBP 3.20.0 2000/10/24 10:47
POST 6.1.0 2000/10/24 10:49
OBDIAG 4.5.1 2000/10/24 10:48
3).查看硬盘物理信息(vendor, RPM, Capacity)
# iostat –E
sd0      Soft Errors: 0 Hard Errors: 0 Transport Errors: 0
Vendor: SEAGATE Product: ST34371W SUN4.2G Revision: 7462 Serial No:
JDX394220KW EBC
Size: 4.29GB ;
Media Error: 0 Device Not Ready: 0 No Device: 0 Recoverable: 0
Illegal Request: 0 Predictive Failure Analysis: 0
sd2      Soft Errors: 0 Hard Errors: 0 Transport Errors: 0
Vendor: FUJITSU Product: MAJ3364M SUN36G Revision: 0804 Serial No: 01M18144
Size: 36.42GB ;
Media Error: 0 Device Not Ready: 0 No Device: 0 Recoverable: 0
Illegal Request: 0 Predictive Failure Analysis: 0
sd3      Soft Errors: 0 Hard Errors: 0 Transport Errors: 0
Vendor: FUJITSU Product: MAJ3364M SUN36G Revision: 0804 Serial No: 01M16199
Size: 36.42GB ;
Media Error: 0 Device Not Ready: 0 No Device: 0 Recoverable: 0
Illegal Request: 0 Predictive Failure Analysis: 0
sd21     Soft Errors: 0 Hard Errors: 0 Transport Errors: 0
Vendor: TOSHIBA Product: DVD-ROM SD-M1401 Revision: 1007 Serial No: 06/22/00
Size: 18446744073.71GB ;
Media Error: 0 Device Not Ready: 0 No Device: 0 Recoverable: 0
Illegal Request: 0 Predictive Failure Analysis: 0
4).查看磁盘的几何参数和分区信息
# prtvtoc /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0
* /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0 partition map
*
* Dimensions:
*     512 bytes/sector
*     135 sectors/track
*      16 tracks/cylinder
*    2160 sectors/cylinder
*    3882 cylinders
*    3880 accessible cylinders
*
* Flags:
*   1: unmountable
* 10: read-only
*
* Unallocated space:
*       First     Sector    Last
*       Sector     Count    Sector
*     8277120    103680   8380799
*
*                          First     Sector    Last
* Partition Tag Flags     Sector     Count    Sector   Mount Directory
       0      2    00          0   2049840   2049839   /
       1      3    01    2049840    615600   2665439
       2      5    00          0   8380800   8380799
       5      0    00    2665440   2458080   5123519   /opt
       6      4    00    5123520   3073680   8197199   /usr
7      8    00    8197200     79920   8277119   /export/home
5).显示已经使用和未使用的i-node数目
# df –F ufs –o i
   Filesystem             iused   ifree %iused Mounted on
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0       7859 479821     2%   /
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s6      37763 339517    10%   /usr
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s5        722 301102     0%   /opt
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0s7          4   24380     0%   /export/home
6).显示cpu使用率最高的进程
# ps –eo pid,pcpu,args | sort +1n
该命令输出当前系统进程的pid, CPU占用率及命令描述,并以pcpu来排序
7).显示内存占用率最高的进程
# ps –eo pid,vsz,args | sort +1n
该命令输出当前系统进程的pid,内存占用率及命令描述,并以vsz来排序
8).查看及启动系统的32位或64位内核模式
64位模式
# isalist –v
sparcv9+vis sparcv9 sparcv8plus+vis sparcv8plus sparcv8 sparcv8-fsmuld sparcv7
sparc
# isainfo –v
64-bit sparcv9 applications
32-bit sparc applications
# isainfo –b
64
启动64位内核模式
ok. boot kernel/sparcv9/unix
32位模式
# isalist –v
sparcv8plus+vis sparcv8plus sparcv8 sparcv8-fsmuld sparcv7 sparc
# isainfo –v
32-bit sparc applications
# isainfo –b
32
启动32位模式
ok. boot kernel/unix
9).查看当前的OpenWindows版本
# showrev –w
OpenWindows version:
X11 Version 6.4.1 5 November 2001
10).查看当前CDE的版本
# /usr/ccs/bin/what /usr/dt/bin/dtmail
/usr/dt/bin/dtmail:
        CDE Version 1.4.6_06
        CDEVersion1.4.6_06
11).测定当前的显示器刷新频率
/usr/sbin/ffbconfig –rev \?
Valid values for -res option are:
1024x768x60 [1]
1024x768x70 [1]
1024x768x75 [1] [2]
1024x768x77
1024x800x84
1152x900x66
1152x900x76
1280x800x76 [1] [2]
1280x1024x60 [1] [2]
1280x1024x67
1280x1024x76
1280x1024x85 [1] [2]
960x680x112s
960x680x108s
640x480x60 [1] [2]
640x480x60i [1]
768x575x50i [1]
1440x900x76 [1] [2]
1600x1000x66 [1] [2]
1600x1000x76 [1] [2]
1600x1280x76 [1] [2]
1920x1080x72 [1] [2]
1920x1080x76 [1] [2]
1920x1200x70 [1] [2]
1920x1200x75 [1] [2]
svga [1]
1152
1280
stereo
vga [1] [2]
ntsc [1]
pal [1]
none
Notes:
[1] monitor does not support this resolution.
[2] this version of FFB (FFB1) does not support this resolution
12).查看系统配置
# /usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag –v
System Configuration: Sun Microsystems sun4u Sun Enterprise 450 (2 X
UltraSPAR
C-II 432MHz)
System clock frequency: 86 MHz
Memory size: 1024 Megabytes
========================= CPUs =========================
                    Run   Ecache   CPU    CPU
Brd CPU   Module   MHz     MB    Impl.   Mask
--More--
--- --- ------- ----- ------ ------ ----
SYS     1     1      432     4.0   US-II    10.0
SYS     3     3      432     4.0   US-II    10.0
========================= Memory =========================
       Interlv. Socket   Size
Bank    Group     Name    (MB) Status
----    -----    ------   ---- ------
0      none      1901   256      OK
0      none      1902   256      OK
0      none      1903   256      OK
0      none      1904   256      OK
0      none      1701   256      OK
0      none      1702   256      OK
========================= IO Cards =========================
No failures found in System
===========================
========================= Environmental Status =========================
System Temperatures (Celsius):
------------------------------
AMBIENT    20
CPU 1      40
CPU 3      40
=================================
Front Status Panel:
-------------------
Keyswitch position is in On mode.
System LED Status:    POWER     GENERAL ERROR      ACTIVITY
                      [ ON]         [OFF]           [ ON]
                    DISK ERROR THERMAL ERROR POWER SUPPLY ERROR
                      [OFF]         [OFF]           [OFF]
Disk LED Status:        OK = GREEN      ERROR = YELLOW
                DISK 2:    [OK]        DISK 3:    [OK]
                DISK 0:    [OK]        DISK 1: [EMPTY]
=================================
Fans:
-----
Fan Bank   Speed    Status
--------   -----    ------
CPU          49       OK
PWR          31       OK
Power Supplies:
---------------
Supply     Rating    Temp    Status
------     ------    ----    ------
0         550 W     33       OK
1         550 W     33       OK
========================= HW Revisions =========================
ASIC Revisions:
---------------
STP2223BGA: Rev 4
STP2223BGA: Rev 4
STP2223BGA: Rev 4
STP2003QFP: Rev 1
STP2205BGA: Rev 1
System PROM revisions:
----------------------
OBP 3.20.0 2000/10/24 10:47   POST 6.1.0 2000/10/24 10:49
# sysdef
*
* Hostid
*
80fee99b
*
* sun4u Configuration
*
*
* Devices
*
packages (driver not attached)
        terminal-emulator (driver not attached)
        deblocker (driver not attached)
        obp-tftp (driver not attached)
        disk-label (driver not attached)
        SUNW,builtin-drivers (driver not attached)
        sun-keyboard (driver not attached)
        ufs-file-system (driver not attached)
chosen (driver not attached)
openprom (driver not attached)
        client-services (driver not attached)
options, instance #0
aliases (driver not attached)
memory (driver not attached)
virtual-memory (driver not attached)
associations (driver not attached)
        slot2disk (driver not attached)
        slot2led (driver not attached)
        slot2dev (driver not attached)
pci, instance #0
        ebus, instance #0
                auxio (driver not attached)
……
# prtconf –D
System Configuration: Sun Microsystems sun4u
Memory size: 1024 Megabytes
System Peripherals (Software Nodes):
SUNW,Ultra-4
    packages
        terminal-emulator
        deblocker
        obp-tftp
        disk-label
        SUNW,builtin-drivers
        sun-keyboard
        ufs-file-system
    chosen
    openprom
        client-services
    options, instance #0 (driver name: options)
    aliases
    memory
    virtual-memory
    associations
        slot2disk
        slot2led
        slot2dev
    pci, instance #0 (driver name: pcipsy)
        ebus, instance #0 (driver name: ebus)
            auxio
            power (driver name: power)
            SUNW,pll
            sc
            se, instance #0 (driver name: se)
su, instance #0 (driver name: su)
…..
13).查看当前系统中已经应用的补丁
# showrev –p
Patch: 109618-01 Obsoletes: Requires: Incompatibles: Packages: SUNWeuxwe,
SUN
Weuezt, SUNWeudlg, SUNWeudda
Patch: 109889-01 Obsoletes: 109353-04 Requires: Incompatibles: Packages:
SUNWk
vmx, SUNWkvm, SUNWmdb, SUNWhea, SUNWpstl, SUNWpstlx
Patch: 110369-05 Obsoletes: 110709-02 Requires: Incompatibles: Packages:
SUNWk
vmx, SUNWcarx, SUNWcsr
Patch: 110370-03 Obsoletes: 111643-01 Requires: Incompatibles: Packages:
SUNWk
vmx, SUNWkvm, SUNWmdb, SUNWhea, SUNWpstl, SUNWpstlx
Patch: 110373-04 Obsoletes: 111508-01 Requires: Incompatibles: Packages:
SUNWk
vmx, SUNWcarx, SUNWcsr
Patch: 110374-08 Obsoletes: 110136-02, 110516-02 Requires: Incompatibles:
Pack
ages: SUNWkvmx, SUNWcarx, SUNWcar, SUNWcsr, SUNWmdbx
…..
14).显示当前的运行级别
# who –rH
NAME       LINE         TIME          IDLE    PID COMMENTS
   .       run-level 3 Nov 24 10:18     3      0 S
15).查找一个文件所从属的包
# pkgchk –lp /usr/lib/sendmail
Pathname: /usr/lib/sendmail
Type: regular file
Expected mode: 4555
Expected owner: root
Expected group: bin
Expected file size (bytes): 761368
Expected sum(1) of contents: 41707
Expected last modification: Sep 24 03:13:13 2001
Referenced by the following packages:
        SUNWsndmu
Current status: installed
16).查看当前的bind版本信息
# nslookup –class=chaos –q=txt version.bind
Server: ns.lnpta.net.cn
Address: 202.96.64.68

摘自:http://www.linux-ren.org/modules/wordpress/?p=782

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累计在线
3755分钟
发表于 2010-8-15 12:49:59 | 显示全部楼层
怎么样才可以边看边操作呢~~~~~~

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60分钟
发表于 2010-8-24 13:49:48 | 显示全部楼层
呵呵。很好用。不过还有很多参数呢。嘿嘿

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28910分钟
发表于 2010-12-17 14:45:34 | 显示全部楼层
很好  很全面啊 ,谢谢分享

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  • TA的每日心情
    求带
    2015-4-29 17:44
  • 签到天数: 1 天

    [LV.1]武林新丁

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    5680分钟
    发表于 2011-5-7 20:59:34 | 显示全部楼层
    很全面,不错不错
    楼主辛苦了,CTRL+C and CTRL+V 了

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